Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
The Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Program provides
information and referral and services to individuals with traumatic brain
injury and their families. It assists with relocating people with TBI in
out-of-state facilities to community-based residential and day programs. It can
also help individuals currently residing in nursing homes, psychiatric
facilities or in their family's homes to be re-situated into more appropriate
community settings, where they can live more independent lives. This program,
whose motto is "Working hand-in-hand with people who have experienced brain
injury...to build bridges within their communities.", can identify and help to
address the gaps that exist in the continuum of care for TBI - from coma to
re-entry into the community.
What is Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is any damage to the brain
caused by an external physical force such as:
- motor vehicle accidents;
- sports injuries;
- gunshot wounds;
It may also result from violently shaking a child, as well
as the following:
- too much or too little oxygen in the brain (e.g., near
- toxic substances;
- allergic reactions;
- electric shock (e.g., lightning);
- acute medical/clinical incidents.
People with TBI may experience temporary or permanent
difficulties with language, thinking, memory, attention, reasoning, judgment,
problem-solving, and fatigue. Other physical and motor problems, as well as
changes in mood and personality, may also be experienced.
TBI does not include:
- Alzheimer's disease or other progressive dementias;
- depression/psychiatric disorders with no obvious central
nervous system damage;
- mental retardation;
- neurological conditions present at birth.
The New York State Department of Health Traumatic Brain
Injury Program was created by the New York State Legislature in 1994 to further
develop and coordinate statewide services for people with traumatic brain
injury and their families. The Home & Community Based Services Medicaid
Waiver for Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury (HCBS/TBI WAIVER) was
developed by New York State to provide a cost effective, community based
alternative to nursing facility placement. From the on-set of the TBI Waiver in
April of 1995, the Waiver has provided individually tailored services to
comprehensively meet the needs of individuals with TBI.
What is a Waiver?
The Federal Government "waives" certain Medicaid rules
enabling New York to select a portion of the population on medicaid to receive
specialized services not available to all Medicaid recipients.
The Waiver Applicant:
- . Must be a Medicaid recipient.
- Diagnosed with TBI or other type of brain injury, such
as stroke, anoxia, etc.
- Must be 22-64 years old with the injury occurring on or
after 22nd birthday. For individuals injured before age 22, contact OMRDD at
(518) 473-1890 (individuals 18-22 years old can be served by DOH when OMRDD
does not have available funds).
- Must be eligible for a nursing facility level of care
(determined by PRI/Screen).
- Must choose to live in the community rather than in a
- Can identify a safe living arrangement that will meet
- Can be supported safely within the community with the
funds and services available under the HCBS/TBI Waiver.
In addition to services available through State Plan
Medicaid, individuals determined eligible for the Waiver Program may also
develop an individual Service Plan including any of the services listed
- Service Coordination - a coordinator is
chosen by the Waiver participant and/or guardian to work with them in
identifying and coordinating supports and services.
- Independent Living Skills Training -
provides one-to-one support to focus on increasing independence in
practical skills, such as cooking, shopping, banking, etc.
- Structured Day Program - provides an
environment focused on task oriented activities and social skill building.
- Community Integration Counseling -
counseling is provided to participant or family members to assist with issues
related to community integration.
- Home and Community Support Services -
provides guidance and assistance to enable the Waiver participant to reside
safely within the home and community environments.
- Substance Abuse Program - services
implemented are based on the unique challenges associated with TBI to reduce
and/or eliminate substance abuse that interferes with integration into the
- Intensive Behavioral Program - provision
of direct technical assistance to individuals with challenging behaviors and
staff training for development of program support strategies.
- Environmental Modification - provides
adaptations to residences to promote independent and to ensure safety.
- Respite - provides short-term relief to
- Special Medical Equipment & Supplies
- provides durable and non-durable equipment not funded under state
- Transportation - provides access to
non-medical services in the community.
The Rent Subsidies and
Housing Support Program provides subsidies to individuals participating in the
HCBS/TBI Waiver. Rent subsidies allow participants to obtain safe affordable
housing at a fair market value.
The NY state-wide
TBI Program is divided into twelve (12) regional centers. WILC, which is the
Hudson Valley Region center, provides services for the residents of seven (7)
lower Hudson Valley counties (Westchester, Rockland, Orange, Sullivan, Putnam,
Dutchess, and Ulster counties).
An individual with a
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has:
- the right to be in control of his or her own life.
- the right to choose where and with whom he or she will
- the right to take risk and learn through experience.
For more information about the HCBS/TBI Waiver, contact
WILC's TBI Coordinator at (914) 682-3926 (Voice), (914) 682-0926 (TDD), (914)
682-8518 (FAX), or E-mail at: email@example.com.
Other agencies that can provide information on TBI:
- Brain Injury Association of New York State
A chapter of the National Brain Injury Association,
BIANYS, serves as a centralized advocacy, educational and information source
for people with TBI and their families. BIANYS has 42 chapters and support
groups across the state.
- Research and Training Center on Community
Integration of Individuals with TBI (TBI NET) at Mt. Sinai Medical
- Long Island Head Injury Association
An advocacy and educational organization for people with TBI and
their families on Long Island.
- COMA Recovery, Inc.
An advocacy and
information organization for people with TBI and their families on Long Island.
- Headway for the Brain Injured
advocacy and information organization for people with TBI and their families in
the Buffalo/Western New York area.
- FACTS: Family Advocacy, Counseling and
A program of BIANYS, FACTS is a support service for
individuals who sustained a brain injury and their families.
(800) 228-8201 Family Help Line
- Office of Mental Retardation & Developmental
Education, rehabilitation and residential
services for people whose injury occurred before the age of 22. A statewide
coordinator and a TBI coordinator in each regional DDSO provides access to
New York State Department Of Health TBI Programs:
- Long Island Region
- Lower Hudson Region -
Rockland, Orange, Sullivan, Putnam, Dutchess, and Ulster
- New York City -
Boroughs of Manhattan,
Brooklyn, and Staten Island
(212) 564-8769 and (212) 564-8646
- New York City -
Boroughs of Bronx and Queens
(718) 515-5500 ext. 2003
- Albany South -
Albany, Schenectady, Greene,
Rensselaer, Schoharie, Otsego, and Columbia
- Albany North -
Saratoga, Washington, Warren, Hamilton, Essex, Franklin, and
- Syracuse North -
Herkimer, Oneida, Oswego, Lewis, Jefferson, and St. Lawrence
- Syracuse South -
Broome, Tioga, Delaware,
Tompkins, Cortland, Chenango, and Cayuga
- Rochester North -
Monroe, Wayne, Ontario,
Seneca, Livingston, and Yates
- Rochester South -
Steuben, Schuyler, and
- Buffalo North -
Erie, Chautauqua, Wyoming,
Genesee, Orleans, and Niagra
- Buffalo South -
Cattaraugus and Allegany
For complaints about the quality of care in facilities and
services licensed by DOH, call the appropriate area office.
- Buffalo Area Office
- New Rochelle Area Office
- New York City Area Office
- Northeastern Area Office
- Rochester Area Office
- Syracuse Area Office